In vitro fertilization (IVF) is one of the most popular procedures of assisted reproductive technology (ART). It is estimated that at least one million children have been born as a result of ART procedures. However, the number of IVF and other ART procedures that have been attempted are significantly higher. These highly varied statistics may leave you with some questions. Is IVF safe? What are the side effects of IVF? Keep reading to learn more.
The Details of IVF
The IVF process can take weeks, months or years. Each person will be different; however, the steps of the process are quite similar. The end goal of the process is to attempt to have an egg become fertilized by sperm. IVF can be used for both couples and single people. You can use the sperm, egg or both from a partner or a donor. These details can be determined by you.
Female patients will be required to take various medications to ensure the eggs are primed for fertilization. The eggs are extracted to be paired with sperm in hopes for successful fertilization. If successful, the egg will be implanted into the uterus so that the egg can attach to the uterus lining and result in pregnancy. If a man is actively part of the sperm donation process, he might be recommended to eat right, exercise and avoid bad habits, such as drinking and smoking, during the IVF process.
Who Can Administer IVF?
One of the dangers and risks of IVF is the temptation to find a less expensive source to administer the treatment. You must be highly selective with whom you choose to protect your safety. While you or a trusted companion can legally and safely inject yourself with fertility injections to prepare for the treatment, it is imperative to only pursue highly qualified and trained medical doctors to perform your IVF treatment.
Who is a Suitable Candidate?
People of all ages and all circumstances can be ideal candidates for IVF. In the past, IVF would be recommended as the last chance course of treatment. Today, many medical situations will put IVF at the top of ART possibilities. If you experience infertility for reasons including age, endometriosis, fallopian tube damage, genetic disease risk, lost pregnancy due to chromosomal abnormalities or infertility for unexplained reasons, you could be an ideal candidate for IVF.
What are the Risks of IVF?
IVF risks and side effects will vary greatly depending upon the patient. You could experience any number of side effects, such as allergic reactions, vaginal bleeding, blood in urine, bloating, breast tenderness, bruising from shots, cramping, headaches, infection, pelvic pain, constipation or mood swings. You might even experience them all. One risk many people overlook is the possibility of a multiple pregnancy with twins, triplets or more.
The chances of success might also be seen as additional IVF risks or IVF side effects. If you are under the age of 35, your success rate is over 40 percent. If you are over the age of 40, it drops to a maximum of 18 percent. It is also important to note that the procedure could result in the after effects of IVF treatment, such as a miscarriage, an ectopic pregnancy and it is a highly costly process without a guarantee of success. You could also face severe psychological stress as a result of IVF. These are all aspects to take into consideration.
IVF has been a success over one million times, and it is considered highly safe when the procedure is conducted by a well-trained and experienced doctor. If you are struggling with infertility for any reason or any unknown reason, IVF could be the answer to your needs.