In vitro fertilization, also known as test tube baby, is an assisted reproductive technology commonly known as IVF. It is the process of combining eggs and sperm outside of the body in a laboratory dish. Once the eggs are fertilized, the embryo is transferred to the uterus. For some couples, IVF is the best option. A fertility treatment center can help treat patients with the following disorders or issues:
- Unexplained infertility
- Damaged or blocked fallopian tubes
- Individuals with a genetic disorder
- Decreased sperm count or male infertility
- Women who had fallopian tubes removed
- Women with uterine fibroids
- Premature ovarian failure
There are five steps in the embryo transfer and IVF process:
1.Stimulate Egg Production
Your doctor will prescribe medications to help stimulate egg production. It’s ideal to use multiple eggs to ensure a greater chance of successful fertilization. Blood test samples are taken to check hormone levels, and an ultrasound is performed to examine the ovaries.
2.Retrieve the Egg
A minor surgical procedure using a hollow needle through the pelvic cavity is done to retrieve the eggs using ultrasound imaging.
3. The Sperm Sample is Retrieved
The male produces a sperm sample that will be used to fertilize the removed eggs. The whole point of IVF is that the fertilization can be done inside a laboratory where it can be monitored by professionals.
4. The Lab Fertilizes The Egg
The process of insemination begins where the eggs and sperm are mixed and stored in a laboratory. The eggs are monitored continuously to ensure cell division and fertilization are taking place. If this process is successful, the fertilized eggs become embryos.
5.The Embryos are Transferred
Within three to five days the embryos are transferred to the woman’s uterus. A small tube is inserted into the uterus to transfer the embryos. Most women will experience mild pain or cramping during this process.
It is recommended that the patient take it easy immediately after the implantation. You will likely be able to resume your normal lifestyle the next day. Typical side effects after IVF include:
- Breast tenderness
Serious symptoms that should not be ignored include:
- Pelvic pain
- Heavy vaginal bleeding
- Blood in the urine
- Shortness of breath
- Nausea or vomiting
- Severe stomach pains
Egg retrieval carries the risk of damage to the bladder or bowel, bleeding, or infection.
The success rate depends on several factors including maternal age, history, lifestyle, and reason for infertility. If you can’t produce healthy eggs or your husband or partner is sterile, you can choose to use donor sperm, eggs, or embryos. It is advised that you speak with an experienced counselor who specializes with donor concerns. You should consider talking with a physician or specialist at the fertility clinic Phoenix. They will be able to answer all of your questions including specific fertility programs and the cost involved. Many couples want to try over the counter options or traditional methods first. However, if you’re looking for alternatives to increase your chances of conception or testing, a fertility specialist can help.